Biology is defined as the natural science that is concerned with the studies of living organisms and life. The different chapters of the Biology are also related to the molecular interactions, chemical processes, physical structure, physiological mechanisms as well as development and evolution. Though Biology is a complex science, it has specific unifying concepts that make it a single discipline. Biology is a bigger discipline that has 10 different branches.
These branches are given below:
1. Biotic Factors
Biotic Factors Studies is concerned with the living organism of an ecosystem. These different living organisms shape the environment of an ecosystem. For instance, an ecosystem would consist of fish, algae, aquatic plants, amphibians. Biotic factors along with the abiotic factors work together for creating a unique ecosystem.
This is a branch of science that is mainly concerned with the physical structure of living organisms such as humans, animals, and others. It studies the factors that are revealed by the separation of human body parts and dissection.
This is a subdivision of the biology in which studies of organs and its functions are included. It studies how each body part of the living organisms work.
This is the study of the human and plant cells. It describes the functions and structure of the cells. This is also a branch of medicine.
This is a study of how organisms interact with each other and their surrounding environment. Its main focus is the biotic factors of an environment.
6. Evolutionary Biology
This is a branch of biology that is concerned with the development and evolutionary process of Biology. It focuses on the evolutionary processes that produce diversity on Planet Earth.
This is an important branch of biology that is a study of the hereditary characteristics of humans. It explains how humans receive traits (genes) from their parents and forefathers.
This is a science which deals with the classification of the names of the organisms. This is a systematic study of the names of the organisms. Taxonomy includes animals, plants, and microorganisms of the world. There are 8 levels of the taxonomy which classify the organism.
9. Molecular Biology
This is a main branch of Biology that deals with the interactions, structure, and composition of the cellular molecules. For instance, the study covers nucleic acids and protein. It studies how biological processes are carried out for the functions and maintenance of the cells.
This is a modern branch of biology that has brought revolutionary changes in the manufacturing industry and the lifestyle of the people. This is a science that uses the living organisms and biological systems for the development of the variant products of the same ingredients. Processes of the bread and brewing are the examples of the biotechnology.
These are the main branches of Biology that deals with the different functions and processes of the organisms.